African-American Education in the Northern Neck

The map below includes sites of significance for African-American education in the Northern Neck, including both existing buildings and sites where schools were known to be, but that are no longer extant.

There were private African-American schools in Westmoreland County since 1850. In the other counties, there were those denominated “training schools.”

Beginning in 1917, The Julius Rosenwald Fund was instrumental in the construction of thousands of schools for African Americans across fifteen southern states. A few of these “Rosenwald Schools” were built in the Northern Neck, and the Fund covered only part of the construction costs, with the balance being raised locally with community donations and through churches.

Most of the schools on this map were built by similar community-based fundraising efforts.